Partner 9: Christian Albrechts Universität zu Kiel (CAU)
The Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics, has a long tradition in the field of resource economics. Several major research projects have been coordinated. In particular, the department hosts two research groups within the ‘Cluster of excellence’ Future Ocean, specially funded by the German Federal Government. One of these new working groups is dealing with questions of sustainable fisheries management. This group that will act as leader of task 6 “Fishery tradeoffs” consists of leading scientists in the field of resource economics, population dynamics of exploited fish stocks, and marine ecology.
The Research and Technology Centre (FTZ) is an external station of the University of Kiel. The FTZ working group on the Ecology of birds and marine mammals works within the framework of many national and international projects, with funding from a variety of national and external sources. The research group on seabirds conducts research in (1) Analysis of distribution patterns of seabirds in North and Baltic Sea; (2) Data logger and telemetry based work on the foraging ecology of seabirds; (3) Fisheries and seabirds; (4) Wind energy utilization and seabirds. Almost all activities are linked to international forums such as the European Seabirds at Sea Coordinating Group (ESAS) and the Working Group on Seabird Ecology (ICES).
Contribution to the project: The Department of Economics’ main contribution is in WP3, with some participation in WP1 and WP4. They will mainly work on cost-benefit analysis. FTZ contributes to the analyses of forage fish populations’ fluctuations on seabirds in WP1.
The scientific team:
Prof. Dr. M. Quaas has his scientific background in environmental and natural resource economics, specifically in the interdisciplinary collaboration with ecological modelers. His methodical expertise is in ecological-economic modeling, analyzing the sustainable use of ecosystem services both of terrestrial ecosystems (in particular semi-arid rangelands) and marine ecosystems (in particular fisheries). M. Quaas is leading the junior research group on sustainable fisheries of the Cluster of Excellence “Future Ocean” and is PI in research project on the sustainable use of ecosystem services funded by the German federal ministry of education and research (BMBF).
Dr. R. Voss is a specialist investigating recruitment variability in Baltic cod and sprat. He contributed significantly to several Baltic EU-projects (e.g. CORE, STORE, BECAUSE, PROTECT) and coordinated the field activities in the GLOBEC Germany project. Further Dr. Voss is engaged in improving the Baltic Multispecies assessment e.g. performing area-disaggregated assessments. With respect to this he was member of the ICES Study Group on Multispecies Model Implementation in the Baltic.
Dr. J. Schmidt is a specialist in multidisciplinary work. He is experienced in zooplankton ecology, fish larvae ecology and fisheries assessment and contributed to EU (STORE) as well as national projects (GLOBEC Germany). Dr. Schmidt is lead scientist for the German part of the International Herring Larvae Survey since two years. He is and was member of several ICES Working and Study Groups (HAWG, PGIPS, WGZE, SGRECVAP). He was main contributor to an EU Study on European Fisheries and Climate Change.
Dr. Stefan Garthe is senior scientist at the FTZ. His research has covered seabird species and communities, particularly in the North and Baltic Seas and in the NW Atlantic, focusing on (1) distribution and population sizes, (2) habitat choice , (3) food choice and foraging ecology, (4) behaviour and (5) anthropogenic effects. Participant in three EU projects and full partner in the EU project DISCBIRD (2002-2005). Leading scientist in two international projects, "Effects of the marine environment on at-sea distribution, feeding ecology, reproduction and energetics of seabirds in northern Chile" (Volkswagen Foundation, Germany; 1999-2001) and "Feeding ecology of Northern Gannets and Northern Fulmars in the North Atlantic" (German Research Council; 1998-2000), and in more than 30 national projects. He has 18 years of experience in seabird ecology and is author/co-author of more than 80 papers in peer-reviewed publications.
Quaas, M. F. and S. Baumgärtner (2008). Natural vs. financial insurance in the management of public-good ecosystems. Ecological Economics, 65:397-406.
Voss, R., Dickmann, M., Hinrichsen, H.-H. and Floeter, J. 2008. Environmental factors influencing larval sprat Sprattus sprattus feeding in the Baltic Sea. Fish. Oceanogr. 17(3):219-230.
Schmidt JO, Hinrichsen H-H (2008) Impact of prey field variability on early cod larval survival: a sensitivity study of a Baltic cod Individual-based Model. Oceanologia 50(2):205–220.
S. Baumgärtner, Becker, C., K. Frank, B. Müller and M. F. Quaas (2008). Relating the philosophy and practice of ecological economics. The role of concepts, models and case studies in inter- and transdisciplinary sustainability research. Ecological Economics, 67(3): 384-393.
Baumann H, Voss R, Hinrichsen H-H, Mohrholz V, Schmidt JO, Temming A (2008) Investigating the selective survival of summer- over spring-born sprat, Sprattus sprattus, in the Baltic Sea. Fish Res 91(1):1–14.
Quaas, M. F., S. Baumgärtner, C. Becker, K. Frank and B. Müller (2007). Uncertainty and sustainability in the management of rangelands, Ecological Economics 62: 251-266
Voss, R., Schmidt, J.O. and Schnack, D. 2007. Vertical distribution of Baltic sprat larvae: changes in patterns of diel migration? ICES J. Mar. Sci. 64: 956-962.
Garthe S , Montevecchi WA, Chapdelaine G, Rail J-F, Hedd A (2007): Contrasting foraging tactics by northern gannets (Sula bassana) breeding in different oceanographic domains with different prey fields. Marine Biology 151: 687-694.
Garthe S, Markones N, Hüppop O, Adler S (in press): Effects of hydrographic and meteorological factors on seasonal seabird abundance in the southern North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series.